Hi, I’m Will, from Bondi Beach, Sydney, Australia.

I’m the creator of this site – Counting Sheep – a philosophically inspired reflection on the social construction of time. Socially constructed times include, but are not exclusive to, the symbols found on clocks and calendars, as well as the tempos and timings of the individual and collective practices which are integrated with such symbolisations.

The particular curiosity about socially constructed forms of time upon which Counting Sheep reflects is how such constructions are deemed to be separate from what is real, or natural, about time. The associated interpretation to be investigated is that social forms of time are merely contingent representations of time as it otherwise, naturally, really or universally exists.

In identifying commentaries which exhibit features of this interpretation of socially constructed times, Counting Sheep participates in a shifting self-awareness of how humans come to conceive time. Such commentaries are taken from a diversity of academically scholarly and everyday non-scholarly domains, to exemplify the widespread conceptual separation of social time and natural time.

The theoretical impulse for this project comes from a concurrent commitment to, and concern about, the late 19th and early 20th century philosophy of Henri Bergson. Bergson sets the scene via his distinction between; (i) experiences of time as it supposedly “really” is, versus (ii) the socially convened, quantified representations of time.

Bergson’s separation of real and representational times transgenerationally and dogmatically lingers within presiding interpretations of an estrangement between the time of the natural universe, and social constructions of that time. The impetus for Counting Sheep originates from my desire to interrogate this separation.

If you read something here you’d like to discuss, leave a comment on the relevant post. Alternatively, contact me privately:


Finally, if you’re curious about the academic background from which I’m coming to this project, here is my recent book, a philosophical and sociological account of time:

Naturally Late: Synchronization in Socially Constructed Times