Norbert Elias interrogates the conceptual separation of natural time and social time by noting that, contrary to the impression of an autonomous natural rhythm waiting to be discovered, a sense of natural time is shaped via devices that were originally… Read More ›
Friedel Weinert instructs that in order to comprehend why physical, natural time, is different from human, social time, it must be appreciated that natural units of time pre-exist conventional units of time. Furthermore, Weinert notes how socially convened units of… Read More ›
Capitalist commodifications of time alienate humans from the concrete time of ecosystems – Martineau.
Jonathan Martineau describes capitalism’s commodification of time according to measures of commercial value as having alienated humans from the concrete time that is associated with bodies, emotions, and the ecosystem. In reducing time to calculations of market based exchange value,… Read More ›
Women are bound not to a natural, cyclical time, but to a non-natural, measured, cultural time – Felski.
Rita Felski notes that rather than women being restricted to the natural temporality exemplified by maternal cycles, they are actually more preoccupied with a non-natural, cultural time, than men are. This is said to be identifiable in the onus put… Read More ›
Vanessa Ogle reports how in 1905, the Indian government sought to introduce a national, standard time, to engender geopolitical cohesion with other countries. Whilst a politically popular decision, Ogle notes that the media, and the Indian population, criticised such a… Read More ›
Baseball is the truest sporting expression of natural time, as it is not divided into timed periods – Aronson.
Martin Aronson describes baseball as the sport which is the most closely associated with natural time. This is because unlike a sport like football which divides its playing time into equal periods of humanly measured time, baseball’s playing time is… Read More ›
The mark of human time over natural time determines the quality of a painting of an American landscape – Rosenbaum.
Julia Rosenbaum reports that the artist Theodore Robinson, upon seeing several paintings by John Twatchtman of Yellowstone Park, lamented that it did not adequately represent the American landscape. It is said that for Robinson, what is needed in such painting,… Read More ›