Helga Nowotny asserts that an historical perspective regarding social time is exhibited in work of Norbert Elias, for whom knowledge about time is not connected to an invariant part of nature. Instead, time-knowledge is passed down via generations of humans,… Read More ›
Adrian Bardon describes how cultures are interpreted to represent a separate, Earthly time, via various forms of measurement. The idealist perspective is here endorsed, including that the human representation of time never accesses the actual reality of time. If an… Read More ›
Daniel Boorstin posits that by marking time according to distinct parts, humans were freed from the cyclical nature of the world. Humanity’s liberation from a repetitive natural condition, via the various conceptions of time, is further claimed to have conditioned… Read More ›
The differentiation of curved space-time, from the measurement of it by the clock – Castagnino and Ferraro.
Mario Castagnino and Rafael Ferraro explain the differentiation between curved space-time, and the measurement of it by a clock. Whilst the physical parameters recorded by the clock are recorded as natural time, there is said to exist an infinite number… Read More ›
Friedel Weinert instructs that in order to comprehend why physical, natural time, is different from human, social time, it must be appreciated that natural units of time pre-exist conventional units of time. Furthermore, Weinert notes how socially convened units of… Read More ›
Capitalist commodifications of time alienate humans from the concrete time of ecosystems – Martineau.
Jonathan Martineau describes capitalism’s commodification of time according to measures of commercial value as having alienated humans from the concrete time that is associated with bodies, emotions, and the ecosystem. In reducing time to calculations of market based exchange value,… Read More ›
Women are bound not to a natural, cyclical time, but to a non-natural, measured, cultural time – Felski.
Rita Felski notes that rather than women being restricted to the natural temporality exemplified by maternal cycles, they are actually more preoccupied with a non-natural, cultural time, than men are. This is said to be identifiable in the onus put… Read More ›